Monday, May 18, 2009

Malaria - Basics

Q.1What is malaria?
Ans. Malaria is an infectitious disease caused by plasmodium parasite.

Q.2 How is malaria transmitted?
Ans. Parasite infected female anopheles mosquito transmits malaria in humans. Since the malaria parasite is present in red blood cells, malaria also can be transmitted through blood transfusion, organ transplant, or the shared use of needles or syringes contaminated with blood. Malaria also can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her foetus before or during delivery.

Q.3 Which is the causal agents of malaria?
Ans. Malaria is caused by any four species of Plasmodium parasite that is P.falciparum, P.ovale, P.malariae & P.vivax. P.falciparum and P.vivax are  prevalent species of plasmodium while p.malariae & P.ovale are rare in India.

Q.4 Which part of the body is mostly infected by malaria?
Ans. It mostly infects liver where they develop& multiply. It can also infect other internal organs including brain.

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