Monday, May 18, 2009

Malaria - Basics 2

Q.1 What are the different symptoms of malaria?
Ans. Most common symptom is fever with chill. Nausea, headache, diarrhea, muscle pain, vomiting often accompany fever. Malaria can also lead to jaundice, anemia, kidney failure, mental confusion, coma and even death.

Q.2 Where does malaria commonly occur?
Ans. Malaria commonly occurs in the temperate zones of the World. Since the warm climate favors the growth of the malaria parasite inside the mosquito hence it attains early maturity & transmits to humans.

Q.3 What are the different methods for malaria detection?
Ans. Malaria is detected through following methods:
a) Microscopy by preparing blood smear
b) Rapid diagnostic test based on antigen detection and antibody detection
c) Molecular diagnosis using PCR.

Q.4 What complications can result from malaria?
Ans. P.falciparum causes cerebral malaria that affects brain. In cerebral malaria the infected red blood cells become sticky and adhere to the small vessels in the brain severely restricting the flow of essential nutrients to the brain. It can also lead to kidney failure, coma or even death.

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